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Monument details

HER Number:TQ 77 SE 1368
Type of record:Farmstead
Name:New Barn Farm (New Barn) or Grabhams Farm, Cooling


A regular multiyard farmstead.

Grid Reference:TQ 7569 7450
Map Sheet:TQ77SE

Monument Types

  • FARMSTEAD (Post Medieval - 1800 AD to 1900 AD?)

Full description

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Type: Regular courtyard multi-yard
Farmhouse: Farmhouse detached in central position
Position: Isolated position
Survivial: Altered - partial loss of original form (less than 50%)

This feature is recorded in the English Heritage Historic Area Assessment for Cooling Parish. The report states: "Several references to Culings or Culinge occur in the 9th and 10th centuries, relating to the granting of land and in 1066 the lordship was held by Earl Leafwyne, the brother of King Harald. Up to this point Cooling formed part of the Great Manor of Hoo (within the Lathe of Aylesford) but after the conquest it became a manor in its own right. Administratively it lay within the Hundred of Shamel, while its eastern neighbour, High Halstow, was part of the Hundred of Hoo. Ownership of the manor stayed mainly with the crown until obtained by the de Cobham family in 1241. It then descended through various branches of the de Cobham and Brooke family until 1643 when the mannor at Cooling (sometimes spelt Cowling) was divided among the three daughters of William Brooke. This created three estates, which Edward Hasted identified as Cowling Castle, New Barn, and Cowling Lodge."

The report further states: "New Barn Farm appears to have been created in the early 19th century when it was known as Grabham's Farm and may retain some 19th century outbuildings." (3)

<1> Forum Heritage Services, 2012, Kent Farmsteads & Landscape Project (Unpublished document). SKE18075.

<2> English Heritage, 2009, Historic Farmsteads: A Manual for Mapping (Unpublished document). SKE18076.

<3> historic england, 2014, Hoo Peninsula Outline Historic Area Assessment: Cooling Parish. Research Report 51-2014. (Bibliographic reference). SKE31592.

Sources and further reading

Cross-ref. Source description
<1>Unpublished document: Forum Heritage Services. 2012. Kent Farmsteads & Landscape Project.
<2>Unpublished document: English Heritage. 2009. Historic Farmsteads: A Manual for Mapping.
<3>Bibliographic reference: historic england. 2014. Hoo Peninsula Outline Historic Area Assessment: Cooling Parish. Research Report 51-2014..