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Monument details

HER Number:TQ 86 SE 207
Type of record:Listed Building


Grade I listed building. Main construction periods 1100 to 1719. Parish church constructed during the 12th century with 13th century and 15th century additions. Alterations also took place in the 19th century. The church is constructed of flint.

Grid Reference:TQ 88237 62981
Map Sheet:TQ86SE

Monument Types

  • CHURCH (Medieval to Modern - 1100 AD to 2050 AD)
Protected Status:Listed Building (I) 1185731: CHURCH OF ST PETER AND ST PAUL

Full description

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The following text is from the original listed building designation:
TQ 86 SE BORDEN THE STREET (north side)
5/30 Church of St. Peter 24.1.67 and St. Paul
Parish church. C12, C13 and C15. Flint. Western tower, nave and aisles, chancel and aisles, south porch and priests room to north west. Exterior: large 2 stage tower with string course to parapet. Romanesque west doorway with attached shafts, roll mould, beaded zig-zag surround and fish-scale pattern on drip mould. Three light C15 Perp. window over, C12 2 light in upper stage, and C15 2 light belfry opening. Lozenge-shaped clock face on south wall. One storey square stair turret to north west. South aisle with diagonal corner buttress, battlemented parapet, C15 Perp. windows and battlemented south porch with water-spouts. Battlemented octagonal vice separates aisle from south east chapel. Two offset buttresses and eastern diagonal buttress, with steeply pitched roof, with the top portion only of a restored C13 lancet window, 3 light C16 window and restored C14 "kentish" traceried window with mouchelles and flattened heads. The north east and south east chapels are on plinths, the chancel,not so, reveals C12 quoins. South east window c. 1300 cusped Y-tracery, the east window C19 reticuled style, the north east c. 1300 cusped Y-tracery. North aisle with 3 buttresses and 3 C14 curvilinear windows of 2 lights with mouchettes. Interior: large C12 tower arch scalloped, with attached shafts. 2 bay double-chamfered nave arcade, octagonal water - holding based piers. Roof of 3 crown posts and 1 wooden clerestory light. South east chapel with upper half of lancet reveal, 2 bay arcade to chancel. Heavily restored chancel with C19 2 bay arcade to north east chapel (now organ space). Chancel roof C19 cusped and panelled ceiling, south-east chapel C15 boarded segmental tunnel-vault, with coved bases concealing hammer-beams. Fittings: angle piscina in chancel, and cusped piscinae in south chapel and south aisle. Doorways in south aisle to external vice, for missing rood loft. C15 font, octagonal, with large riased letters on side: DTB, with wrought iron hood attached to pulley system on wall. Hexagonal C17 pulpit. Monuments: in south east chapel, wall monument to Robert Plot the elder d. 1671, showing St. Michael spearing the Devil, who lies under St. Michaels shield which bears an inscription. Supported by a shield below, with field of weapons of war, and crest of canons supporting a knight's helm; attributed Jaspar Latham. In north aisle: Dr. Robert Plot, d.1696, antiquarian, Oxford don, first secretary of Royal Society. Large oval tablet wreathed with flowers and palms with urn over, putti on edge of oval and coat of arms below. Also, wall tablet to Ralph Sherwood, d. 1705, and Mary Sherwood, d. 1708. White alabaster scrolled plaque with putti and urn over, on coved base. Coat of Arms in lozenge panel in north aisle - in memoriam Rebecca Plot. Brasses to William Fyge, d. c. 1450 and William Fordmell, d. 1521, layman and priest respectively. Wall painting on north wall of St. Christopher c. 1500. Royal Arms over south door, 1719. (See B.O.E. Kent II, 1983 p. 147 - 8). Listing NGR: TQ8822562864 (1)

Description from record TQ 86 SE 10:
[TQ 88236298] St Peter and St Paul's Church [NAT] (2) The Church of St Peter and St Paul, Borden, has an early Norman western tower and other work dated between the 13th and 16th c. (3) In normal use. (4) St Peter and St Paul, a flint-faced church, Norman at both extremities. At the east are the quoins of an aisleless chancel, and at the west the unbuttressed tower on a plan of prodigious dimensions. The church was remodelled with aisles to the nave and chancel in the 13th century, but the unusual shortness of the nave reflects its Norman ancestry. (5) Church of St Peter and St Paul. 12th c, 13th c and 15th c. (6)

Timbers form the north aisle were analysis and found to have been felled between 1343 and 1363. (7)

HE archive material: BF052973 ST PETER AND ST PAULS CHURCH, BORDEN File of material relating to a site or building. This material has not yet been fully catalogued. Copyright, date, and quantity information for this record may be incomplete or inaccurate.

<1> English Heritage, List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest (Map). SKE16160.

<2> OS 6" 1961 (OS Card Reference). SKE48369.

<3> Churches of Kent 1 1913 82 (F Grayling) (OS Card Reference). SKE38981.

<4> F1 CFW 03-JUL-63 (OS Card Reference). SKE42402.

<5> Bldgs of Eng NE and E Kent 1983 147-8 (J Newman Ed N Pevsner) (OS Card Reference). SKE37800.

<6> DOE(HHR) Swale Boro Kent 27-NOV-84 15 (OS Card Reference). SKE41185.

<7> Field report for monument TQ 86 SE 10 - July, 1963 (Bibliographic reference). SKE4594.

<8> Ancient Monuments Laboratory, 2000, Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the North Aisle Roof of the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Borden, Kent (Unpublished document). SKE12375.

Sources and further reading

Cross-ref. Source description
<1>XYMap: English Heritage. List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest. [Mapped feature: #33549 church, ]
<2>OS Card Reference: OS 6" 1961.
<3>OS Card Reference: Churches of Kent 1 1913 82 (F Grayling).
<4>OS Card Reference: F1 CFW 03-JUL-63.
<5>OS Card Reference: Bldgs of Eng NE and E Kent 1983 147-8 (J Newman Ed N Pevsner).
<6>OS Card Reference: DOE(HHR) Swale Boro Kent 27-NOV-84 15.
<7>Bibliographic reference: Field report for monument TQ 86 SE 10 - July, 1963.
<8>Unpublished document: Ancient Monuments Laboratory. 2000. Tree-Ring Analysis of Timbers from the North Aisle Roof of the Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Borden, Kent.