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Monument details

HER Number:TR 26 NW 1155
Type of record:Listed Building
Name:GATEWAY TO NORTH EAST OF BROOK FARMHOUSE

Summary

Grade II listed building. Main construction periods 1580 to 1580

Summary from record TR 26 NW 6:

Brook Farm gateway (Md)


Grid Reference:TR 2202 6810
Map Sheet:TR26NW
Parish:HERNE BAY, CANTERBURY, KENT

Monument Types

  • FARMHOUSE (FARMHOUSE, Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
  • FARMHOUSE (FARMHOUSE, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • GATE (GATE, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
  • SITE (Post Medieval - 1580 AD to 1580 AD)
Protected Status:Listed Building (II) 1336811: GATEWAY TO NORTH EAST OF BROOK FARMHOUSE; Scheduled Monument 1005153: Gateway to Brook Farm, Hillborough

Full description

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The following text is from the original listed building designation:

1. 5273 BROOK LANE Chislet
Gateway to north east of Brook Farmhouse TR 26 NW 7/35A 29.9.51.
II GV
2. 1580 A red brick gateway which survives from the older house. 4- centred arch flanked originally by 2 columns the shape of gun shells, but the north one has been removed. Cornice, pediment and parapet over surmounted by 3 octagonal caps. 2 buttresses on the garden side of the arch.
Brook Farmhouse, The Gateway to north east and Barn form a group.
Listing NGR: TR2245567867

Description from record TR 26 NW 6:
[TR 22016811] Gateway [NR] 81) To the north-east of Brook Farmhouse, Chislet, a red brick gateway of 1580 survives from the older house. (2) Brook Farm, formerly Helbrough mentioned in the E.14th c. incorporatesin the rear of the ground floor, remains of a 16th c. rebuilding. Outside the present house is a cellar approached by a stone stairway. (3) Brook Farmhouse (TR 22006809), which otherwise is of little architectural interest, displays some Tudor brickwork at the rear, butall features built into it are modern. A cellar below the house with an approach from the front garden is also modern. The gateway is in fair condition. See GP, AO/63/127/7. 84) Gateway to north east of Brook Farmhouse, Grade II. 1580. (5) [For full description see list].

From the Register of Scheduled Monuments:
A brick entrance gateway four centred arch with triangular pediment above supported on detached bottle-shaped brick pillars. Horizontal parapet with three brick pinnacles one of the pillars is missing. Leads from the road into the garden in front of the farmhouse. A metal bracket now acts as support in place of the missing right hand brick pillar. Gateway seems in stable condition with only a sparse amount of moss on top. (7)


From the National Heritage List for England:

List entry Description
Summary of Monument
Tudor Gateway, 24m north-east of Brook Farmhouse.

Reasons for Designation
Archways are often large, freestanding structures that are monumental in form. They were used systematically from the Roman period onwards, although a broader range of styles developed throughout the medieval period in England. Archways often provide an imposing entrance way to a building or site of significance. They are sometimes situated at the start of a long avenue or processional way that enhances the setting of a particular site or building.

Despite some later damage, the Tudor Gateway, 24m north-east of Brook Farmhouse survives well. It is largely unaltered and includes some significant architectural details such as the four-centred archway, triangular pediment and octagonal brick pinnacles.

History
See Details.

Details
This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 18 December 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a Tudor gateway situated on low-lying ground on the west side of Brook Lane at Brook Farm, east of Hillborough.

The gateway is built of red brick with a four-centred arch, originally supported on bottle-shaped brick pillars. The pillar to the south survives in its original position, although that to the north has been removed. Above the arch is a cornice, a triangular pediment and a parapet, which is surmounted by three octagonal brick pinnacles. There are two buttresses on the west side of the gateway.

The gateway was built in about 1580 and originally led to Brook Farmhouse. Brook Farm is recorded in the 14th century and the farmhouse incorporates some Tudor brickwork at the rear, although it was largely rebuilt in 1834.

The gateway is Grade II listed.(8)


1946, Photograph (Photograph (Print)). SWX9460.


1946, Photograph (Photograph (Print)). SWX9465.


<1> OS Card / NAR index entry, OS 25 " 1938 (Unpublished document). SKE6461.


<2> OS Card / NAR index entry, MHLG (1203/1/A July 1949) 9 (Unpublished document). SKE6461.


<3> OS Card / NAR index entry, Arch Cant 46 1934 137-8 photo (C R Councer) (Unpublished document). SKE6461.


<4> OS Card / NAR index entry, F1 ASP 11-OCT-63 (Unpublished document). SKE6461.


<5> OS Card / NAR index entry, DOE (HHR) Dist of Canterbury 1976 4 (Unpublished document). SKE6461.


<6> Field report for monument TR 26 NW 6 - October, 1963 (Bibliographic reference). SKE5841.


<7> English Heritage, Register of Scheduled Monuments (Scheduling record). SKE16191.


<8> historic england, National Heritage List for England (Index). SKE29372.

Sources and further reading

Cross-ref. Source description
---Photograph (Print): 1946. Photograph. 4024. print.
---Photograph (Print): 1946. Photograph. 4041. print.
<1>Unpublished document: OS Card / NAR index entry. OS 25 " 1938.
<2>Unpublished document: OS Card / NAR index entry. MHLG (1203/1/A July 1949) 9.
<3>Unpublished document: OS Card / NAR index entry. Arch Cant 46 1934 137-8 photo (C R Councer).
<4>Unpublished document: OS Card / NAR index entry. F1 ASP 11-OCT-63.
<5>Unpublished document: OS Card / NAR index entry. DOE (HHR) Dist of Canterbury 1976 4.
<6>Bibliographic reference: Field report for monument TR 26 NW 6 - October, 1963.
<7>Scheduling record: English Heritage. Register of Scheduled Monuments.
<8>Index: historic england. National Heritage List for England.
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